Location: Dallas, Texas
Products Used: Chillers, Controls,
Services Used: Energy Analysis & Monitoring, Upgrading,
Climate: Humid & Hot
Topic: Efficiency, Optimal Comfort, Energy Services, Financial Solutions,
As a result of aging, unreliable chillers, comfort complaints were on the rise at the DoubleTree by Hilton® Hotel Dallas–Market Center. Inefficient chiller operation was also resulting in high energy and repair costs, having a detrimental effect on customer satisfaction and the establishment’s bottom line.
DoubleTree contacted CVAL Innovations LLC, an established energy conservation and project management firm, to help them address their equipment, and high energy and repair cost challenges. As the hotel’s energy services company (ESCO), CVAL Innovations did a comprehensive evaluation of the building to identify equipment and operational inefficiencies. “The HVAC equipment, building controls, lighting, water pumps. All of the building systems work together; one isn’t effective without the others,” said Jinen Adenwala, president, CVAL Innovations. “We took a holistic approach to the building design, looking at the entire facility, and the resulting interactive effect helped multiply and maximize the energy savings.”
Conducting energy audit
The CVAL Innovations team conducted a detailed ASHRAE® Level 2 audit for the building and detailed load modeling using Trane® Trace® 700. As a result of this exercise, building load requirements were calculated, and various energy conservation measures (ECMs) were identified, including a variety of lighting and HVAC improvement options. The decision was made to execute the project in two phases: a lighting retrofit followed by chiller and controls upgrade.
Evaluating chiller plant options
After considering multiple manufacturers, CVAL Innovations selected Trane, a trusted HVAC partner, to evaluate the existing plant and suggest chiller options to meet energy efficient design specs. Using the myPLV™ chiller performance evaluation tool, specific criteria, including the building’s location and purpose, were input and used to accurately predict efficiencies of the various configurations. Payback periods, energy rebates, first cost, and 20-year life cycle comparisons were also calculated for each option. For further evaluation, the project team visited multiple jobsites to view centrifugal and screw water-cooled chiller solutions in operation, assessing performance and fit for physical dimensions. The team recommended a multiple screw-chiller solution with variable frequency drives that also offered a heat recovery option.
Designing for comfort and reliability
CVAL Innovations moved forward with the chiller plant redesign. Based on efficiency, reliability and budget considerations, two 175-ton Trane® Optimus™ Helical Rotary Water-Cooled Chillers (model RTHD) were selected. The Trane helical rotary technology is well suited for the hot, humid Dallas climate. The semi-hermetic design, with excellent compressor lift and continuous unloading helps ensure efficient comfort for the high-occupancy hotel. The unique two-chiller plant design, with evaporators in series and the condensers in parallel, allows for a wider Delta T, resulting in better humidity control. In heat-recovery applications, the Trane Optimus chillers can generate condenser water temperatures as high as 114°F (45.6°C) to support energy-saving initiatives by repurposing compressor-generated heat that normally would be rejected into the atmosphere.
Trane Adaptive Frequency™ drives work with the chiller motors to continuously match compressor speed to required levels, improving chiller efficiency at reduced loads. Using a building automation system (BAS), the hotel is able to maximize energy savings by optimizing the sequence of operations to the building utilization and weather conditions. Right-sizing the chilled water and condenser water pumps also helped with energy savings and reduced the leaks from chilled water pipes.
Reducing installation and maintenance costs
Smaller in size, the Trane Optimus chillers fit through the outside double doors of the building, eliminating the need to tear down exterior walls for installation, saving time, materials and labor costs. The direct drive compressor design of the chillers reduces failure risk for improved reliability and lowers maintenance requirements. In addition, downsized chilled water pumps used in the new chiller plant have eliminated leaking, also helping to lower operating costs.
As part of an overall energy saving upgrade, CVAL Innovations and its engineers addressed the high-energy costs at DoubleTree by Hilton® Hotel Dallas—Market Center, working closely with Trane to answer equipment challenges. The building system redesign, which includes Trane Optimus Helical Rotary Water-Cooled Chillers, has helped reduced the hotel’s energy consumption and lowered annual energy costs/occupied room by 41 percent. The overall solution also earned the hotel a rebate of more than $45,000 from the area electric service provider and enabled a federal tax deduction under IRS section 179d amounting to approximately $192,000.
“Our energy savings numbers are continuing to beat the budget,” said Adenwala. “We are hoping it will be the best year ever for the hotel.”
“The CVAL Innovations and Trane team performed up to high standards,” said Renato Cojanu, general manager, DoubleTree by Hilton. “Energy savings are under budget and our hotel guests are relaxing in a perfect room atmosphere. A job well done!”
ABOUT DOUBLETREE BY HILTON HOTEL
Famous for its warm chocolate chip cookie greeting, DoubleTree by Hilton has more than 500 hotels in 40 different countries and territories around the world. Committed to the environment and the communities it serves, the hotel chain has created a variety of programs that help preserve the environment and educate consumers on how they can help.
The DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Dallas - Market Center, located in the heart of the Dallas Market District, is convenient to nightlife, attractions, dining and shopping, as well as the Convention Center. The eleven story building features 227 guest rooms, some with balconies and city views.
DOUBLETREE BY HILTON HOTEL-MARKET CENTER
• Aging, unreliable chillers
• Comfort complaints
• High energy and repair costs
• Lighting Retrofit
• Trane chillers and plant redesign
• Right sizing pumps
• Intelligent Tridium Niagra BAM, weather station and VFD
• Active monitoring and controls optimization
• Reduced energy use 41 percent
• Earned $45,000 utility rebate with overall ROI less than 4 years
• Secured $192,000 in federal tax deductions