The basis of the SSHP system is that the chiller-heater can source energy from water in the thermal energy storage tanks to enable building heating. Heat recovery is possible whenever there is a cooling load. Heat removed from the building can be captured for instantaneous or future use, instead of rejecting that energy via air or water economizing. The energy is collected in the TES tanks to provide a source for the later heating operation.
When there isn’t sufficient cooling at the moment heating is required (i.e., cooling and heating loads are non-coincident), the thermal energy storage is used to decouple the cooling and heating loads, that is, when loads are not equal and coincident. By doing so, heating is available using energy that was collected in TES tanks, recovered from the building, taken from ambient air using the air-to-water heat pump, or delivered from a trickle-charge boiler.
Why use a Storage-Source Heat Pump (SSHP) system?
SSHP systems are most likely used to provide electrified heating in climates that experience extremely cold outdoor air temperatures, which makes heating with air-to-water heat pumps alone difficult or costly.
SSHP systems can effectively and efficiently heat and cool a building regardless of the outdoor air temperature, which helps overcome the following limitations of air-source heat pumps:
- Inability to operate in extremely cold outdoor air temperatures
- Diminishing hot-water supply temperature at cold ambient temperatures
- Declining heating capacity at cold ambient temperatures
- Inability to recover heat between non-simultaneous cooling and heating loads
And when compared to electric resistance-based heat, which has a COP (coefficient of performance) of one, the SSHP system chiller-heater can have a COP as high as three to four, resulting in a much lower electrical demand for heating.
For More Information
More information on the Thermal Battery™ Storage-Source Heat Pump System can be found on trane.com. For more details on how to best layout these systems, ask your Trane account manager for a copy of the Thermal Battery™ Storage-Source Heat Pump Systems application guide (APP-APG022A-EN).